- Monday, April 27 2015
Ever since its origins, the Mediterranean diet has developed into an expression of an inseparable tie between waterside communities within the countries that look out onto the “Mare Nostrum” and the territory in which they live. The Mediterranean culinary art form conveys perseverance, preciseness, passion, and millennial wisdom, while respecting nature’s seasonal cycles and the sustainable use of natural resources. The Mediterranean diet is profoundly respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems, seeking balance between nature and mankind, owing to the development of traditional activities in the world of craftsmanship, fishing, and agriculture, which have always guaranteed the renewal of resources in a sustainable development.
Dating back to the era of Ancient Greeks and Romans, the Mediterranean territory cultivated cereals, olive trees, grapevines, fruit and vegetables, molding, conserving and safeguarding the territory in its biodiversity. Today seasonal produce continues to reach the tables of Mediterranean communities, with a low environmental footprint in terms of water resources and carbon dioxide emissions, an inferior long-term impact in comparison to other diets. On the contrary to diets such as in Northern Europe or Northern America, largely based on meat and animal fat, the Mediterranean diet is chiefly composed of plant and cereal based foods, which are widely found in traditional cultivation, with a vast selection of typical local varieties.
The Mediterranean Diet Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity is, in a few words, a sustainable dietary model that simultaneously represents a great opportunity for all of the communities that put it to practice. The Mediterranean diet grants communities the opportunity to generate wealth in the rural world, bestowing it new vitality, adding value to rural products, reinforcing its connection with the land and broadening the knowledge of the procedures to obtain, cook, and share. Simultaneously, the acknowledgement of the Mediterranean diet enhances the sustainable development and the conservation of the landscape, avoiding depopulation of the countryside in favor of the social fabric and agricultural populations. Finally, it offers high quality products to consumers worldwide, and the distribution of its virtue and benefits favors the knowledge and awareness of citizens.